There are so many reasons to visit Peru, it’s hard to know where to begin. Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail are at the top of the list and Lima has been a destination for food aficionados for decades, but there are other things to see and do on Peru Tours.
The weather is a quick-change artist and 28 individual climates have been counted in the country. It has alpine peaks, glorious beaches with world-class surfing and an endless number of fascinating Incan and pre-Incan archaeological sites. You can take your pick, either sandboard in the desert or snowboard in the Andes. Peru has the primordial swamps of the Amazon, the deepest gorges in the world and the icy peaks of the Andes.
Peru is also an animal-lovers delight with eight national parks, eight national reserves and seven sanctuaries there is a good chance you will see a jaguar, a tapir or a cougar. The marine ecosystem includes penguins, dolphins, sea lions and turtles. There is something for everyone. If you are traveling alone, as a couple or with children, there is always somewhere to climb up, slide down or jump off as well as paragliding, riding a dune buggy, or surfing. No one will have a minute to be bored.
Peru has 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and they include the city of Chan Chan. It was the capital of pre-Incan Peru and fell in 1470 when it was conquered by the Inca. It is the largest pre-Columbian city in South America. You can visit the shrines, monuments, ceremonial plazas and more even though it is reduced to 20 square kilometers of eroded adobe.
Lake Titicaca is the highest lake in the world that is commercially navigable. It is on the Bolivian border and about 40 percent of the lake is in Bolivia. It was the home of many independent nations starting in the ninth century who were conquered by the Incas in the mid-15th century. The ancient customs are still alive today in the local inhabitants of the area. The Islas Uros are small islands made out of reeds where several families live. You can visit the Titicaca Reserve and watch 60 species of birds and possibly see the giant frogs that weigh up to three kilos.
While tourism is strictly controlled, you can visit this island where the culture has been maintained for thousands of years. You may walk to the highest point of the island where there is a still-functioning temple and visit the small central square in Taquile where you will find shops, cafes and handicrafts. You arrive by boat and it meets you on the other side of the island so you only have to walk in one direction.
Huaca de la Luna y Sol
This site has a fascinating museum and some of the best-preserved murals in Peru, including the longest mosaic in the world. It has the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon that was used as religious and administrative centers built by the Moche civilization from 100 – 800 AD.
When to Travel
May through September is the high season and has the driest weather for hiking. If you don’t mind a little rain, March-April and October-November are less crowded and you will have the trails to yourself. The rainy season between December and February has a lot of rain and the Inca Trail is closed in February for cleaning and maintenance. If you book one of these well-organized and professional tours, you will receive a list of things to pack. It’s important to know that the weather can change immediately and be sunny one minute and raining the next. In some places near Cusco, there could even be snowfall throughout the year. Remember, when you are trekking in the Andes, the elevations are almost always between six and 14,000 feet.
Peru stands above other natural and cultural destinations with its thousands of years of history, ancient civilizations and spectacular natural beauty. It is famous for its cuisine, handicrafts and warm and welcoming people. You can trek the mountains in the morning and spend the evening at a beautiful beach watching the sunset. The people of Peru carefully organize and plan tourism, so it is possible to enjoy the country without damaging its ecology.